Get to know your site

Determine whether salinity is a problem

Photo: Pond on golf course

Drawing on resources

The methods of evaluation suggested in this module to help answer the question "Is salinity a problem?" together comprise only one of numerous possible approaches.

For further assistance in evaluating the salinity-related aspects of your landscape's water, soil, and plants, consider contacting a horticultural specialist with the University of California Cooperative Extension ( Also consider reading some of the following resources:


  • Carrow, Robert N., and Ron R. Duncan. 1998. Salt-Affected Turfgrass Sites: Assessment and Management. Ann Arbor Press.
  • Costello, Lawrence R., Edward J. Perry, Nelda P. Matheny, J. Michael Henry, and Pamela M. Geisel. 2003. Abiotic Disorders of Landscape Plants: A Diagnostic Guide. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3420.
  • Harris, Richard W., James R. Clark, and Nelda P. Matheny. 2004. Arboriculture: Integrated Management of Landscape Trees, Shrubs, and Vines, Fourth Edition. Prentice Hall publishing company.
  • American Water Works Association, California-Nevada Section. 1997. Guidelines for the On-Site Retrofit of Facilities Using Disinfected Tertiary Recycled Water; softbound, 105 p.

Articles, reports, chapters in books

  • Harivandi, M. Ali. 2004. Evaluating recycled water for golf course irrigation. USGA Green Section Record, November-December 2004; available online at
  • Duncan, R. R., R. N. Carrow, and M. Huck. 2000. Understanding water quality and guidelines to management. USGA Green Section Record, September-October 2000; available online at
  • Miyamoto, S., Rick Galceran, and Richard Garcia. 1997. Landscape irrigation with salty water. Grounds Maintenance magazine, November 1, 1997; available online at
  • Chapter IX of the literature review document that accompanies this Salt Management Guide (located elsewhere on this same CD-ROM)
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