Design or redesign a landscape

Choose salt-tolerant plants

Photo: Shadow of tree branches on lawn at park

Where to go for more information

Often, when choosing species of plants for a landscape, you'll need to consult a variety of reference books and articles. Some useful ones are listed below. Other relevant articles, reports, books, and websites are mentioned in a different module. Look for it under the tab on your screen labeled Other Information.

As mentioned earlier, two books that help in assessing the compatibility of species with climate are as follows:

  • Landscape Plants for Western Regions: An Illustrated Guide to Plants for Water Conservation, Bob Perry, 1992. Land Design Publishing, Claremont, Calif.; hardbound, 318 p.

    Note: This book is now out of print; however, finding a copy is relatively easy. Many libraries in California own one or more copies of it. To locate a copy in a library near you, visit and conduct a search.

  • Sunset Western Garden Book, 7th edition, by the editors of Sunset books and Sunset Magazine. 2001. Sunset Publishing Corporation, Menlo Park, Calif.

Also, Chapter VI of the literature-review document on this same CD-ROM disk provides climate-related selection guides for various types of plants. It also describes a number of books that may be useful when selecting California native plants.

The salt tolerance data provided in this module in the tables for trees, palms, shrubs, vines, ground covers, and bedding plants are from the following articles:

  • Landscape Plant Lists for Salt Tolerance Assessment, by S. Miyamoto, I. Martinez, M. Padilla, A. Portillo, and D. Ornelas, 2004. Agricultural Research and Extension Center of El Paso, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M University System; report, 12 p.
  • Landscape Plant Salt Tolerance Selection Guide for Recycled Water Irrigation, by Lin Wu and Linda Dodge, 2005. A Special Report for the Elvenia J. Slosson Endowment Fund, University of California, Davis; article, 40 p.

The salt tolerance data in the table for turfgrasses originated from the following:

  • Salinity and turfgrass culture, by M. Ali Harivandi, Jack D. Butler, and Lin Wu, in Turfgrass — Agronomy Monograph no. 32, by D. V. Waddington, R. N. Carrow, and R. C. Shearman (eds.), 1992. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI; book chapter, 22 p.

The book by Costello and others, mentioned earlier as another source of salt-tolerance data, is as follows:

  • Abiotic Disorders of Landscape Plants: A Diagnostic Guide, by Laurence R. Costello, Edward J. Perry, Nelda P. Matheny, J. Michael Henry, and Pamela M. Geisel, 2003. University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Oakland, California, Publication 3420; softbound, 242 p. To order a copy of the book, visit the publisher's website (

Refer to Chapter V of the literature-review document on this CD for fuller information about research and available databases on the salt tolerances of landscape plants.

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